Alexander Gerschenkron was a Ukrainian-born American economic . In , Gerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, a cornerstone of his career, and of. C. P. KINDLEBERGER. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By A. GERSCHENKRON. Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

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His knowledge was of vital importance to the Board, because it was during a time when the relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States was a central issue.

Should one renationalize after the extraordinary privatization that has occurred gersdhenkron the last decade or so? A Journal of Socialist Theory. In a notable Rand study inA Dollar Index of Soviet Machinery Output, tohe showed that the remarkably high rates of growth of Soviet industrial production owed itself historicap the index number bias: For the small crop of students who wrote with him over more than a decade went on to leadership as the field of economic history was just changing back from an historical emphasis to an economic one.

By the mids, ten of his students, both in Soviet economics and economic history, prepared a Festschrift in his honor. You could not be signed in.

InGermany introduced a new tariff and formulated a definite policy, which protected domestic grain production against overseas competition. But he was the best scholar I have known. Important as the work was at the time, deflating vastly superior Soviet growth, it was not to be the basis of his subsequent fame. Newsletters To join the newsletters or submit a posting go to click here.

Alexander Gerschenkron

This has not much altered the pattern of development. Ten of his students in the mids prepared a Festschrift in his honor. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve.


Most of the students chose subject matter far from continental Europe. Sign in via your Institution Sign in.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Failure of economic development to become a global process, as it appeared to do in the s, and for broad convergence in per capita income levels to occur, now constitutes a major intellectual and practical challenge.

Gerschenkron himself frequently knew little of the economic theory or statistical techniques proposed. In this study, he constructed a series of dollar indexes of Soviet industrial output for the purpose of proving the deficiencies of the official Soviet index during that time I summarize it here in four hypotheses:.

After the Anschluss inhe emigrated to the United States. That provided a chance for him to assess each student early on through a brief visit to his office.

Charles Gulicka professor at the University of California, Berkeleyinvited Gerschenkron to be his research assistant. That challenge was overcome, months later when he easily gained admission.

Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account? InGerschenkron published a book titled Bread and Democracy in Germany. There he was to stay for only five years before moving on to the Federal Reserve Board. American people of Russian-Jewish descent Austrian School economists Development economists Economic historians Jewish American historians Guggenheim Fellows Harvard University faculty births deaths 20th-century historians 20th-century American economists Distinguished Fellows of the American Economic Association.

His early life was eventful. Why should you be angry? InGerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspectivea cornerstone of his career, and of significance to European economic history.

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

In addition to his vast knowledge of economic history, he also studied literature. Such a tension takes political form and motivates institutional innovation, whose product becomes gerscuenkron substitution for the absent preconditions for growth. It is awarded for the best dissertation in the economic history of an area outside of the United States or Canada.


Historival 16 April The essay gave its name to his volume of essays published by Harvard University Press in When he was 16, he and his father left Russia during the period of the Bolshevik Revolution. After all the discussion of major changes supposedly required in the system of international financial flows in the past few years, little has, in fact, happened.

In that interval, beyond continuing his efforts with Gulick, he also assisted Howard Ellis and Jack Condliffe. He also led evening seminars once a week in which his graduate students would discuss ideas for dissertations and evaluate quantitative techniques.

He accepted, and his university career really began. Gerschenkron was born in Odessa into an elite family of the Russian intelligentsia.

Gerschenkron defined an indelible, if unattainable, standard economc scholarship for colleagues and students alike. The countries of Asia have managed to regain their position of primacy in global growth rates. His early work often pursued the statistical tricks of Soviet planners. And more recently, with the rise of political economy as a field, his work is widely assigned as required reading.

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His failure, only in Latin and geometry, meant he was rejected. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in.