ABSTRACT. Here we present data on the morphology and habits of male and female individuals of Chelonoidis carbonaria and on their diet based on scat. Abstract. In the Bolivian Chaco, the tortoise Chelonoidis carbonaria is an important reptile for indigenous people for subsistence purposes and in traditional. Family, Testudinidae Batsch, – Tortoises. Genus, Chelonoidis Fitzinger, Species, Chelonoidis carbonaria (Spix, ) – Red-footed Tortoise.

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Spiess, Known Predators humans, Homo sapiens Ecosystem Roles As frugivores, red-footed tortoises may be important dispersers of seeds of tropical plants such as figs and bromeliads.

English translation by P.

Red-footed tortoise

Reptiles of Central America. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Forest-dwelling tortoises in the ChelonoidisIndotestudoManouriaand Kinixys genera are omnivores with upper and lower intestines about the same length, while herbivorous genera such as Gopherus and Testudo have longer large intestines to digest fibrous grasses.

Many predators take the young tortoises, including large lizards, snakes, crocodilians, and even large turtles; predatory birds such as the curassow Crax speciesguan Penelope speciesrailscuckoosand falcons ; and mammals such as cats Felidae speciesopossumsfoxespeccariesand feral dogs. The gap between the points of the anal scales and the marginals is wider and the anal scutes form a broader angle- almost a straight line across- in males to allow the tail to move laterally.

Population density ranges from locally common to very scarce due in part to habitat destruction and over-collection for food and the pet trade.

Accessed May 26, at http: Their heads and limbs are either yellowish or red, ranging to brilliant cherry-red. They mate throughout the year in captivity, but nesting occurs from June through September. Chelonoidis was distinguished from other Geochelone by their South American location, as well as the absence of the nuchal scute the marginal centered over the neck and the presence of a large, undivided supracaudal the scute or scutes directly over the tailas well as differences in the skull.


One large specimen seems to have stayed in the same position for over a month. As frugivores, red-footed tortoises may be important dispersers of seeds of tropical plants such as figs and bromeliads. Size tends to be smaller on average than northeastern variants, also reaching sexual maturity at a smaller size.

Lighting should be low and diffuse or plenty of shade should be offered. They are also widely collected as local pets and their shells are sold as souvenirs. New growth adds dark rings around the pale center of each scute.

Shelter and water should always be provided. Lights that chelohoidis UVB wavelengths are recommended to help the tortoise metabolize calcium correctly and help regulate the pineal gland if the tortoise will be indoors for extended periods. It is unknown if the ‘giants’ represent diet availability, genetic issues, longevity, or other possibilities.


One long-held theory is that they came from Asia using chflonoidis land bridge, then spread down through North America and shared ancestors with the gopher tortoises Gopherus species. Their plastrons are mostly dark in a symmetrical mottled pattern. Their ability to go a long carbonaroa without eating makes it easy to catch and keeps them fresh for extended periods. Turtles of the World. Tortoises are often found at carcasses feeding until gorged, and occasionally eat small live animals such as snakes and rodents.

Many of the colonies seem to have been established in the 17th century as food supplies or as pets. Superfamily Family Subfamily Genus. Two species of carbnaria in northern South America. Marques de Souza The carapace of a male from north of the Amazon basin shows a ‘wasp waist’, or constrictions along the sides. Moskovits and Hcelonoidis, Primary Diet herbivore folivore frugivore omnivore Animal Foods carrion Plant Foods leaves wood, bark, or stems fruit flowers Other Foods fungus detritus Predation Other than humansthere is no information available concerning predators specific to Chelonoidis carbonaria.


Central and South America.

Burmese star tortoise Indian star tortoise. Another holds Geochelone ancestors floated over from central Africa, taking advantage of their ability to float, resist salt water, and go without food for extended periods. Common fruits come from cacti Opuntiafigs Ficuspehen Acacia aromaSpondiasAnnonaPhilodendronbromiliadsand more. Florida Scientist 50 2: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Growth rings are clearly evident in most individuals, but become worn smooth with age.

Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands.

Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. The male often leans his head over her head and holds his jaws wide open making calls that get louder. Accessed March carnonaria, at http: The shells can make loud clacking noises during the forceful thrusts. They generally try to find tight-fitting resting places, and will occasionally ‘wedge’ themselves between roots and trunks but remain otherwise exposed.

Hunting for food is so extensive that Colombia and some other countries import tortoises from neighbors.